Not for Sale – Counter Human Trafficking
by Agnes Igoye - Training Manager at Directorate of Citizenship and Immigration Control in Uganda
This is the story of a remarkable woman, who grew up during Uganda’s civil war, survived the atrocities of the Lord’s Resistance Army, and later made it her mission to counter human trafficking, training law enforcement, and rehabilitating victims of war in Uganda:
My birth was rather miraculous. My parents lived in a rural village in Pallisa district in Uganda and my father had to risk riding a bicycle at night, through a forest, inhabited by wild animals while my mother (in labor pains) held a lit lamp on her laps so my father could navigate the narrow path to rush her to hospital. Several times they had to stop when my mum’s labor pains intensified – it was a miracle they made it to a local hospital alive.
My parents were delighted to have a healthy baby, irrespective of the sex but many in my village didn’t celebrate including my paternal aunt who broke the ‘bad’ news and mourned a birth of yet another girl child – I was the third daughter in a row for my mother. There is a general preference for boys than girls, who are considered worthless, not worth educating, don’t carry the family name nor inherit land, and are only good for marriage. And if the marriage failed, a man has a right to demand for a dowry/bride price.
This is something I witnessed one evening when my aunt’s husband arrived to my grandfather’s home with armed guards and announced that he was no longer interested in being married to my aunt, with whom he had 9 children and several grandchildren. He drove away more of my grandfather’s cattle than the amount he paid as bride price, claiming the cattle must have multiplied since he married my aunt several years ago. Because of this practice, it was very common for women to endure domestic violence, especially if their parents could no longer pay back the dowry in case the marriage failed.
Growing up, I was called names including ‘prostitute’ even before I knew what the word meant. That’s when I made my mum a promise that I was going to work hard to succeed in life – to embarrass those big men and boys alike who called me such bad names! Education therefore would be my only escape. Living in such an environment motivated me to study even harder, enduring walking long distances and teasing at school. Thankfully, my parents prioritized education for all their children irrespective of the sex (six girls and two boys).
As a family, we have survived 3 wars, the 1985 coup that toppled President Apollo Milton Obote, where our home was a front line, with a machine gun stationed at our gate, then in 1986, the National Resistance Army came to the city and we had to flee our home and retreat to the village, only to encounter the rebel group the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA). We girls were specifically targeted by the LRA because we were virgins and we kept fleeing through bushes including living in an internally displaced camp at a catholic mission.
I believe what kept us together as a family amidst those challenges is the love we have for one another. We kept together and supported one another and our parents were our heroes, always ensuring they took good care of us and improvised even in the most difficult situations. I recall as kids we used to go deep into the forest in search for fish, accidentally dropped by birds trying to feed their young ones. That’s how we got our proteins.
My interest in countering human trafficking is rooted in my childhood experiences fleeing and surviving the LRA. After completing my undergraduate degree from Makerere University in 1995, the only Ugandan University by then, I joined the immigration service, where while working at the border.
I caused the arrest of one of the commanders of the Lord’s Resistance Army who had killed people, cooked and feed villagers on boiled human flesh. Then I rescued girls the Lord’s Resistance Army had taken captive as sex slaves, some of whom had children fathered by the LRA commanders including rebel leader Joseph Kony. These experiences led me to pursue a master degree, carrying out research on the role of the family in the rehabilitation and reintegration of children who have survived abduction by the LRA. Working at immigration control, I witnessed the devastating effects of human trafficking and listening to survivor stories was very devastating.
In 2010, I successfully competed for the prestigious Hubert H. Humphrey Fellowship, specializing in Human Trafficking Policy and Prevention, with the University of Minnesota, as my host University. During my fellowship year, I decided to apply and make a commitment of action at the Clinton Global Initiative University (CGI U) to counter human trafficking, build a rehabilitation center for survivors of human trafficking, train law enforcement and create awareness about human trafficking.
Promoting education is a key component of my CGI commitment and to date, with the support of partners like Books For Africa and Sir Emeka Offor Foundation, I have been able to deliver over 69,000 books for the education of vulnerable children including victims of human trafficking. I wouldn’t be where I am without an education
I also work with women who have survived the Lord’s Resistance Army conflict in Northern Uganda. Having been displaced at an earlier age, I know what it means to be homeless. So working with 22 displaced women, we started the Huts for Peace Program: women building their own housing (huts) using locally available materials.
One of the biggest challenges in Uganda is the lack of shelters to provide support to survivors repatriated following their trafficking abroad. In 2013, a total number of 837 victims of trafficking were registered by the Trafficking in Persons Office, 429 of who were victims of transnational trafficking, including 322 females. My current mission is to establish/build a rehabilitation center for survivors - The Dream Revival Center (DRC).
This center will provide comprehensive care to survivors, encompassing the physical, psychological, health and social services. The center will offer shelter in which repatriated female survivors of human trafficking can temporarily stay to access support services, rebuild their confidence and emotional wellbeing and revive their dreams.
I am passionate about women empowerment. In 2003, I was selected as one of 50 emerging Global women leaders by the Women In Public Service Project, which was launched by Secretary Clinton in 2001. In March 2014, I was hosting WPSP institute in Uganda to train women leaders as part of the agenda to achieve 50x50 Women in Public Service by the year 2050.
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